A Two-Year Review of Significant Events in Afghanistan Following the Taliban’s Seizure of Power in 2021

by Sophia Chen
fokus keyword Afghanistan

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The following is an overview of critical milestones in the two years after the Taliban reclaimed control in Afghanistan, a change ushered in by the withdrawal of U.S. and NATO troops:

  • Aug. 15, 2021: As President Ashraf Ghani, who had international backing, flees the nation, the Taliban makes its triumphant entry into Kabul.

  • Aug. 26, 2021: Over 170 Afghans and 13 U.S. military members are killed by Islamic State group suicide bombers and gunmen at Kabul’s airport, where throngs of people were trying to evacuate.

  • March 23, 2022: Contradicting a previous commitment, the Taliban abruptly informs girls above the sixth grade, who had come for the first day of high school, that they are not permitted to attend.

  • May 7, 2022: The Taliban’s Virtue and Vice Ministry mandates that women must wear full-body robes in public and only reveal their eyes. Women are also encouraged to stay home unless they have vital reasons to leave.

  • June 22, 2022: An intense earthquake devastates a secluded area in eastern Afghanistan, resulting in over 1,100 deaths. The Taliban’s ineffective rescue efforts highlight a deficiency in resources and dependence on aid organizations.

  • July 31, 2022: In Kabul, U.S. forces kill Ayman al-Zawahri, the leader of al-Qaida, accusing the Taliban of harboring him against the terms of the Doha Agreement.

  • Sept. 5, 2022: Two diplomats at the Russian Embassy in Kabul die in an IS suicide attack. Russia’s is one of the few functioning embassies in Afghanistan, and the sole European one.

  • Sept. 30, 2022: A suicide bomber targets a Shiite education center in the capital, resulting in the deaths of many, including teenagers preparing for university exams.

  • Nov. 10, 2022: Women are prohibited from using gyms and parks nationwide. The Taliban imposes this ban citing violations of gender segregation or improper wearing of hijabs.

  • Nov. 20, 2022: 19 individuals, including alleged adulterers, are publicly whipped by the Taliban, marking the first such punishment since their return to power.

  • Dec. 8, 2022: A convicted murderer is publicly executed by the Taliban, the first of its kind since their takeover.

  • Dec. 21, 2022: University attendance is denied to female students, adding to the existing prohibitions on girls in middle and high school.

  • Dec. 24, 2022: Afghan women are prevented from working with both national and international NGOs by the Taliban, further limiting their employment opportunities.

  • March 9, 2023: The U.N. declares Afghanistan the most oppressive country in the world for women and girls, virtually stripping them of all fundamental rights.

  • April 6, 2023: The leading spokesperson for the Taliban relocates his office to Kandahar, indicating a likely shift in power to the movement’s spiritual homeland.

  • April 10, 2023: The U.N. raises an alarm over the severe under-funding of its Afghan efforts, emphasizing the global significance of the crisis despite it being the least-funded operation.

  • July 4, 2023: Beauty salons are ordered closed by the Taliban for providing services deemed un-Islamic, impacting up to 60,000 female entrepreneurs and limiting women’s social spaces.

  • July 19, 2023: Women protesting the beauty salon ban are met with stun guns by the Taliban, who also use water spray and fire shots in the air to disperse the crowd.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about fokus keyword Afghanistan

When did the Taliban take control of Kabul after U.S. and NATO forces withdrew?

The Taliban took control of Kabul on August 15, 2021, as the internationally backed President Ashraf Ghani fled the country.

What was the deadliest attack carried out by the Islamic State group in Kabul?

On August 26, 2021, Islamic State group suicide bombers and gunmen attacked Kabul’s airport, killing over 170 Afghans and 13 U.S. troops.

Have the Taliban imposed restrictions on women since taking over?

Yes, the Taliban have imposed multiple restrictions on women, including barring them from attending schools and universities, prohibiting them from using gyms and parks, mandating specific dress codes, and excluding them from most jobs.

What was the natural disaster that took place in eastern Afghanistan in 2022?

A powerful earthquake struck a remote region of eastern Afghanistan on June 22, 2022, killing more than 1,100 people.

How has the Taliban’s rule affected diplomatic relations with other countries?

The Taliban’s rule has significantly affected diplomatic relations, with Russia being among the handful of countries maintaining a working embassy in Afghanistan as of September 2022.

How has the U.N. responded to the situation in Afghanistan under the Taliban?

The U.N. has expressed concerns over the situation, especially regarding the rights of women and girls, and has warned about the severe under-funding of its Afghan operations. On March 9, 2023, the U.N. declared Afghanistan the most repressive country for women and girls.

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Timothy K. August 14, 2023 - 9:57 pm

The restrictions on women are insane! What century are we living in? What are the world leaders doing about this

Jacob R. August 14, 2023 - 10:00 pm

Those poor girls, not being able to go to school or even gym. whats next? i pray for the afghan people.

Sarah Thompson August 15, 2023 - 9:30 am

this is just heartbreaking. That earthquake too, over 1100 people. God bless them. How can we help??

Helena W. August 15, 2023 - 11:19 am

The U.N warnings are worrying and the lack of funding is a disgrace. more must be done to support the people in Afghanistan.

Mike Jenson August 15, 2023 - 1:14 pm

I cant believe whats happening to women there! It’s terrible that they have to suffer so much. when will this end…

Mara L. August 15, 2023 - 1:55 pm

It’s hard to grasp the full extent of whats going on in Afghanistan. Thank you for putting it all together in one place. need to share this with others.


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