In the Amazon region where pair was killed, neglect and allegations of harsh justice

by Gabriel Martinez
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Amazon neglect

Neglect and Allegations of Harsh Justice in the Amazon Region where Pair was Killed


In the Amazon region, where Bruno Pereira, an expert on Indigenous peoples, and Dom Phillips, a British journalist, were killed, neglect and allegations of harsh justice prevail. This article revisits the backdrop against which the murders occurred and the subsequent events that unfolded.

Meeting Caboclo in Ladario

Pereira and Phillips traveled to Ladario, a settlement marking the boundary between the Javari Valley Indigenous Territory and the non-Indigenous world. They met Laurimar Lopes Alves, known as Caboclo, who represented the non-Indigenous communities encroaching on Indigenous land. Pereira, formerly an official with the Indigenous agency, aimed to foster alternative livelihoods in these impoverished communities.

Tragic Outcome

Despite Caboclo’s hope of finding a new market for his banana harvest, Bruno never returned to fulfill his promise. Tragically, within 48 hours, on June 5, 2022, Bruno and Phillips were ambushed, shot, and their bodies burned, dismembered, and buried in a shallow river grave.

Caboclo’s Ordeal

Following the murders, the Federal Police accused Caboclo of illegal fishing, leading to his arrest. Caboclo, who had previously fought against fishing on Indigenous land, claimed to have stopped engaging in illegal activities years ago. He spent 124 days in prison without trial, surpassing the legal limit. His family faced financial hardships, and they now rely on a meager federal benefit as their only income.

Ripple Effects in Sao Gabriel

In Sao Gabriel, where Amarildo da Costa de Oliveira, one of the confessed murderers, hailed from, his family experienced the repercussions. Amarildo’s mother, Maria de Fátima da Costa, while acknowledging her son’s guilt, tearfully recounted the impact on her other son, Oseney da Costa de Oliveira. Oseney was also charged with murder, although there is no concrete evidence of his involvement.

Government Neglect in the Region

The article highlights the dire conditions faced by river communities in the Amazon. Descendants of rubber tappers, these non-Indigenous settlers suffer from poverty and live without basic amenities like electricity and plumbing. The Brazilian government’s land reform project intended to improve their situation has been grossly underfunded and failed to provide the promised support.

State of the Case

Besides Amarildo da Costa de Oliveira, another fisherman, Jeferson da Silva Lima, confessed to the murders and awaits trial. Amarildo claims that he was coerced into confessing through suffocation by the military police. Rubens Villar Coelho, a Colombian businessman accused of masterminding the crime, denies any involvement. The dismantling of Brazil’s Indigenous agency, Funai, under former President Jair Bolsonaro is seen by some as contributing to the tragedy.

Continuing Challenges and Allegations

Recent reports indicate that local fishermen face harsh treatment by the police, with accusations of unwarranted confiscation of fishing gear. Not all fishermen are involved in illegal activities, yet they are being treated as criminals. The crime has had lasting effects on Caboclo’s life, as he now understands the reality of criminal gangs due to his time in prison.


The neglect and allegations of harsh justice in the Amazon region continue to plague the communities living there. Bruno Pereira’s vision of uplifting these communities through legal activities remains far from being realized.

Q: What is the backdrop against which the murders in the Amazon region took place?

A: The backdrop of the murders in the Amazon region involves neglect and allegations of harsh justice, with Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities facing poverty, lack of support from the government, and encroachment on Indigenous land.

Q: Who were Bruno Pereira and Dom Phillips?

A: Bruno Pereira was an expert on Indigenous peoples, and Dom Phillips was a British journalist. They were tragically killed in the Amazon region while working on issues related to Indigenous land rights and environmental preservation.

Q: What happened to Caboclo after the murders?

A: Caboclo, a non-Indigenous resident of the Amazon region, was accused of illegal fishing and taken into custody by the Federal Police. He spent time in prison without trial and faced financial hardships, resulting in significant changes to his life and livelihood.

Q: What were the challenges faced by river communities in the Amazon?

A: River communities in the Amazon region, comprised of mixed African and Indigenous ancestries, have faced poverty, lack of basic amenities like electricity and plumbing, and limited government support. The promised land reform project aimed at improving their conditions fell short of expectations.

Q: Are there any indications of government negligence or involvement?

A: The article highlights allegations of government neglect, particularly in the dismantling of Brazil’s Indigenous agency, Funai, under former President Jair Bolsonaro. Critics argue that such actions have contributed to the tragic events and hindered efforts to protect Indigenous land rights.

Q: What is the current state of the case regarding the murders?

A: Amarildo da Costa de Oliveira, Jeferson da Silva Lima, and a Colombian businessman named Rubens Villar Coelho are among those accused in connection with the murders. Conflicting claims and allegations of police misconduct have added complexity to the case, raising questions about the thoroughness of the investigation.

Q: What is the emotional impact of this story?

A: This story evokes a range of emotions, including sadness for the victims and their families, frustration at the injustices faced by Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities, and a sense of urgency to address the neglect and ensure justice for all involved.

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